To a request a page from a website, a packet transmitting the request must leave the local network, travel through an internet service provider (ISP), and on up the chain to the web server that contains the page requested. Using ping can tell us if the server hosting the page is there. Using tracert can show us the path to the server by sending a series of packets. Each subsequent packet has a time to live TTL that was one higher than the previous packet. Each hop on the path decrements the TTL, so each router on the way sends a dropped packet response (How-To Geek, 2019).
The three ping results for Google.com, Brazil, and China show average round trip times 46ms, 249ms, and 289ms, respectively. The increasing trip times for countries farther away indicates the farther a destination is away geographically, the longer the travel time.
The traceroute results confirm this by showing there are more hops to destinations farther away.
Microsoft. (2019). Microsoft support. Retrieved from support.microsoft.com/en-us/help/314868/how-to-use-tracert-to-troubleshoot-tcp-ip-problems-in-windows/